Welcome to the ILEC Project website!

What is ILEC?

ILEC is a two-year research project that aims to fill the knowledge gap surrounding the rules and administrative procedures applicable to loss of nationality across the European Union, and their relation to existing European and international legal standards. By making an in-depth comparative inventory of the regulations, administrative practices and statistical data covering involuntary loss of nationality across the 28 EU member states, the project will generate new knowledge on the effects on national legal systems of the increasing judicialisation of grounds of loss of Union citizenship.

Learn more about the project...

 


 

New on the website

NEW! Case Notes on Rottmann in the Courts of Member States of the European Union

A collection of judgments and pending cases involving the Rottmann decision in the Courts of the Member States of the European Union (together with case notes) is now available here.

 

NEW! Article published by Professor Patrick Wautelet


Professor Patrick Wautelet has published an article in Belgium's largest legal weekly on the deprivation of citizenship of jihadistes in Belgium. The article can be found here.

 

NEW! ILEC Guidelines now published


Today marks the publication of the Guidelines on involuntary loss of European citizenship. These Guidelines result from research and discussions in the context of the ILEC project. The ILEC project has aimed to establish a framework for debate on international norms on involuntary loss of nationality. The ILEC Guidelines 2015 are intended to provide guidance on implementation of international and European standards on voluntary loss of nationality for government officials, legal practitioners, decision-makers and the judiciary in the Member States of the European Union. The ILEC Guidelines can be found here

 

Database on Modes of Loss of Citizenship

 

An updated and expanded version of the Database on Modes of Loss of Citizenship has now been published on the website of EUDO CITIZENSHIP.

Read more here.

 

 

Contribution by Ngo Chun Luk on the European Network on Statelessness blog


Ngo Chun Luk has contributed to the European Network on Statelessness blog where he reports on the work undertaken as part of the ILEC Project and the success of the ILEC Final Conference. Read his post here.

 

Publication of New ILEC Paper 

A new paper by Professor Gerard René de Groot and Professor Maarten Vink entitled "A Comparative Analysis of Loss of Nationality in the European Union" has been published as part of the ILEC Project. The paper aims to provide a comprehensive and systematic comparative analysis of existing regulations and procedures in EU member states with regard to the involuntary loss of nationality. The paper can be found here.

 

Publication of ILEC Paper in Spanish and Hungarian

The paper by Dr Sergio Carrera (CEPS) entitled "How much does EU citizenship cost? The Maltese citizenship-for-sale affair: A breakthrough for sincere cooperation in citizenship of the union?" has been published in Hungarian.
 
The paper examined the citizenship-for-sale affair in Malta and the legal constraints imposed on this and other such schemes in light of European Union law. 
 
A revised and fine-tuned version of the paper has been also published in the Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law. 
 
Another revised and complemented/expanded version of the report has been published in Spanish in the Revista de Derecho Comunitario Europeo. This last article has been co-authored with Guayasén Marrero González (PhD candidate, Faculty of Law, University of Maastricht). 
 
All versions of the paper can be found here.

 

Publication of New ILEC Paper

A new paper by Professor Maarten Vink and Chun Ngo Luk entitled "Mapping Statistics on Loss of Nationality in the EU: A new online database" has been published as part of the ILEC Project. The paper explores the landscape of existing statistical data on loss of nationality in the European Union. The paper is now available here

 

Transcript of Keynote Address by the European Ombudsman, Ms Emily O'Reilly, to the ILEC Final Conference

Ms Emily O'Reilly, the European Ombudsman, delivered the keynote address to the ILEC Final Conference on Thursday, 11 December 2014. A transcript of Ms O'Reilly's address can be found here.

 

ILEC Policy Briefs

The ILEC Policy Briefs have recently been published ahead of a discussion about them at the ILEC Final Conference. 

Read more here.

 

Statistical Database on Loss of Citizenship

A new database has just been launched presenting the available statistics on loss of citizenship in 28 EU Member States prepared by Maarten Vink and Chun Luk. 

Read more here.

 

ILEC Project Final Conference -  EU Citizenship at the Crossroads: Enhancing European Cooperation in Nationality and Fundamental Rights

The ILEC Final Conference was jointly organised by the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) and Maastricht University together with the Permanent study group on Immigration and Integration (IMI) of the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC). This event took place on Thursday, 11 December 2014 at the Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels, and on 12 December at the European Economic and Social Committee, Brussels.

Read more here.

 

EUDO Forum Debate on Citizenship Deprivation

Professor Audrey Macklin's contribution entitled "The return of Banishment: Do the New Denationalisation Policies Weaken Citizenship?" has kicked off a new forum debate on the EUDO Citizenship website. Read Professor Macklin's contribution and the responses to it here.

 

Publication of New ILEC Paper

A new paper by Professor René de Groot and Professor Patrick Wautelet entitled "Reflections on quasi-loss of nationality in comparative, international and European perspective" is the second paper to be published as part of the ILEC Project. The paper focuses on situations when a person is never said to have had the nationality of a country if it might have been assumed that the person had that nationality. The paper is now available here.

 

Mid-Term Conference Proceedings Report

The Proceedings Report from the Mid-Term Conference held on 29 April 2014 at the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Brussels, is now available here.

 

Publication of New ILEC Paper

A new paper by Dr Sergio Carrera entitled "How much does EU citizenship cost? The Maltese citizenship-for-sale affair: A breakthrough for sincere cooperation in citizenship of the union?" has been published as part of the ILEC Project. The paper examines the citizenship-for-sale affair in Malta and the legal constraints imposed on this and other such schemes in light of European Union law. The paper is now available here.

 

Transcripts of Interviews with Professor Rainer Bauböck, Professor Maarten Vink and Professor Patrick Wautelet

Following the ILEC Mid-Term Conference, the opportunity was taken to ask Professor Rainer Bauböck, Professor Maarten Vink and Professor Patrick Wautelet about the role of their respective institutions in the ILEC Project, the focus of their research for the Project and their views about what they consider to be the most pressing issues in the area.

Read more...

 

ILEC MID-TERM CONFERENCE

WHO OWNS EU CITIZENSHIP? Loss and Acquisition of Citizenship and the Role of the EU

Tuesday, 29 April 2014 (09.00 - 18.00), 1 Place du Congrès, B-1000 Brussels, Belgium

The Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) and the University of Maastricht organised the ILEC Mid-Term Conference on "Who Owns EU Citizenship? Loss and Acquisition of Citizenship and the Role of the EU”. This public event took place at the premises of CEPS (1, Place du Congrès) in Brussels on the 29th April 2014.

Read more...

 

ILEC partners make first overview of data collection results 

With the data collection phase of the ILEC project now almost complete, ILEC partners met in Brussels on 13 December 2013 to make a first overview of the results...

Read more...

 

Publication of the first ILEC Paper 

A new paper by Prof. René de Groot 'Survey on Rules on Loss of Nationality in International Treaties and Case Law' provides an overview  of the obligations under international and European law with respect to the loss of nationality and EU citizenship. The first ILEC publication, the paper sets the framework for the ILEC project and lays the foundation for the identification of promising practices, guidelines and standards.

Read more....

 

ILEC in the Spanish press

Spanish media and regional newspapers have taken a keen interest in the ILEC project and its research agenda, following dissemination activities by ILEC partner, the University of León.

Read more... 

 

ILEC Project flyer now available for download

For a summary of ILEC’s scope, objectives and research team, see the new project flyer for key information at a glance.

Download the flyer here and share with your networks.